What Tree

What tree is it?

There are hundreds of different tree & shrub species in the UK. Identifying them can be challenging, so here is a photo ID guide to leaves, flowers and bark of some of the common species you may find in your school, park or garden.

Take a photo of the leaves, bark, fruits or shape of your tree and see if it matches any of these. Click on photos to enlarge.  Leaves will vary is she as they grow, so the ruler measurements are just a guide.

Deciduous trees & shrubs (They lose their leaves in winter)

Alder Leaf 2 ID  Alder Bark   Alder Fruits

Alder  Prefers wet ground and often found along river banks 

Ash Leaf ID  Ash Bark ID Ash Keys


Ash  Look for the black bud tips 

Beech Leaf ID  Beech Bark2  Sap Beech

Beech. Leaves can be green or a coppery red colourVery big tree with smooth bark.

Silver Birch ID  Silver Birch Bark

Birch (Silver). A tall thin tree shape with white/silver bark – often peeling like paper.

Blackthorn Leaf ID  

Blackthorn. Flowers in February, before it grows leaves. Its dark ink-blue berries (1cm diameter approx)  are called sloes

Dog Wood Leaf  Dogwood 2

Dogwood. In autumn it has dark black inedible berries, plus the leaves and shoots turn vibrant orange/red.

Elder Leaf ID  Elder Flower ID  Elderberries

Elder. The off-white elderflower and deep red elderberries are used for drinks and jams

Field Maple ID

Field Maple. Look out for its helicopter seeds in the autumn

Guelder Rose Leaf  Guelder2  Heart Of Winter

Guelder Rose. The bunches of berries (poisonous) may last long after the leaves have fallen in autumn /winter

Hazel Leaf ID  SamJ Hazel

Hazel. Look out for the tiny pink flowers in spring and hazelnuts in the autumn. The hazelnuts will be eaten by many different animals – some will gather and store them for the winter

Hawthorn Leaf ID   Hawthorn3    Haw berries

Hawthorn. A hedgerow tree it has clusters of small white flowers in April/May and deep red berries in the autumn

Horse Chestnut Leaf ID  Conker  Horse Chestnut Flower

Horse Chestnut. Grows large clusters of white or pink flowers in May and spiky green fruits containing conkers in September.

Maple Leaf ID Maple Seed


Oak Leaf ID  Oak Leaves Tree May

Oak. Produces acorns in the autumn

Rowan Leaf ID  Rowan Berries

Rowan (Mountain Ash). A tall thin tree, its bunches of orange berries are loved by birds in the autumn (especially blackbirds and thrushes)

Sweet Chestnut leaves Chestnut Fruit Sweet chestnut forest

Sweet chestnut. Edible nuts are covered in a very spiky casing

Sycamore Leaf


Willow Leaf ID  Willow Bark ID  9th April Goat Willow

Willow (different species)  Often grows near water. Produces catkins (the tree’s flowers) in spring


Coniferous or evergreen Trees & Shrubs (have leaves all through the year)


Holly Leaf ID   Holly berries


Ivy Leaf ID  Ivy Berries

Ivy  – Its not a tree, but its often normally found growing in and among them.

Laurel Leaf ID

Laurel. Very shiny and strong leaf

Yew Leaf  Yew Bark

Yew. Often found in churchyards, where the tree may have grown for hundreds (or maybe a thousand) years. Its bright red berry-like fruits are poisonous

Wonderful Links

Woodland Trust downloadable ID sheets